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How to File for Workers’ Comp in Florida

how to file for workers’ comp in florida

Filing for workers’ compensation in Florida is a process designed to help employees who have been injured or fallen ill due to their job. Florida law requires most employers to carry workers’ compensation insurance to cover such incidents, ensuring that workers have access to medical care and compensation for lost wages. Employees need to report their injuries to their employer as soon as possible and follow specific steps to file a claim.

Understanding the workers’ compensation system in Florida can seem complex, but it’s crucial for protecting your rights. The system operates under a no-fault principle, meaning that you do not need to prove your employer was at fault to receive benefits. However, you must adhere to certain deadlines and procedures to successfully navigate the claims process.

Seeking the assistance of an experienced Fort Lauderdale workers’ comp lawyer can help guide you on how to file for workers’ comp in Florida and handle any potential disputes that arise with your claim. At Lyle B. Masnikoff & Associates, we are committed to going the extra mile in supporting your case. Call us at (866) 519-3831 to schedule your free consultation.

Understanding FL Workers’ Comp Eligibility

Eligibility for FL workers’ comp hinges on several statutory requirements. Primarily, an individual must be an employee of a company that carries workers’ compensation insurance. Florida law mandates that businesses in the construction industry with one or more employees, including the owner, must have coverage. Non-construction businesses must do so when they have four or more employees, either full-time or part-time.
Key Points of Eligibility:

  • Employment Status: Contractors are generally ineligible, but there are exceptions for subcontractors in construction.
  • Injury or Illness: The worker’s injury or illness must be work-related.
  • Reporting Time: Injuries should be reported to the employer within 30 days of the occurrence or discovery.
  • Type of Business: Different rules apply for state and local government employees.

These regulations highlight the importance of understanding one’s employment classification and the nature of the injury sustained. It’s essential for employees to report any incident promptly to ensure the possibility of compensation.
Eligibility Checklist:

  • Confirm employment status (employee vs. independent contractor)
  • Verify if the employer has the requisite workers’ comp insurance
  • Determine if the injury or illness is work-related
  • Report the injury within the 30-day window

This framework provides a solid foundation to determine if an individual may be eligible for workers’ comp benefits in Florida. Employees should consult with a workers’ comp attorney or the Florida Division of Workers’ Compensation for detailed information regarding their specific situations.

Rights and Responsibilities Under Florida Workers’ Comp

Under Florida law, employees who are injured on the job have specific rights and responsibilities to ensure they receive the appropriate workers’ compensation benefits.

Rights of the Employee

  • Medical Treatment: Employees have the right to receive necessary medical attention for injuries related to their employment.
  • Disability Benefits: Employees may qualify for temporary or permanent disability benefits based on the severity of the injury.
  • Job Protection: Employees are generally protected against retaliation for filing a workers’ comp claim.
  • Legal Representation: Employees have the right to hire an attorney to assist with their claim.

Responsibilities of the Employee

  • Report Injuries: Injuries must be reported to the employer within 30 days.
  • Cooperate with the Carrier: Employees must comply with requests from the workers’ comp insurance carrier, including attending medical examinations.
  • Return to Work: If medically able, the employee should return to work, possibly in a light-duty capacity.

Employer Responsibilities

  • Provide Coverage: Employers are required to carry workers’ compensation insurance if they meet certain criteria.
  • Post Notice: Employers must display a notice with workers’ comp information in a conspicuous place.
  • Report the Injury: They should report the injury to their insurance provider within seven days of notification.
  • Offer Alternate Work: If possible, employers may need to provide alternative work consistent with the employee’s physical limitations.

This balance of rights and responsibilities is designed to help injured workers return to work while ensuring they receive the care and benefits to which they are entitled.

Steps to File for Workers’ Comp in Florida

Filing for Workers’ Compensation in Florida involves a series of regulated steps. It is crucial for an employee to act promptly and follow the guidelines to ensure their claim is processed correctly.

Report the Injury or Illness

An injured worker must notify their employer of the accident or diagnosed occupational illness within 30 days of the occurrence. Notification should be detailed and in writing, providing the date, time, and circumstances of the injury.

Seek Medical Attention

The worker should immediately seek medical treatment from a healthcare provider authorized by their employer or the workers’ comp insurance carrier. It’s important to inform the medical provider that the injury is work-related.

File the Claim

Once the employer has been notified, they are responsible for reporting the injury to their workers’ compensation insurance carrier within seven days. The employee can additionally file a claim with the Florida Division of Workers’ Compensation within two years of the injury to safeguard their rights.

Follow Up on the Claim Status

The employee should maintain communication with both their employer and the insurance carrier to monitor the progress of their claim. Documentation such as claim forms, medical reports, and correspondence should be kept organized and easily accessible. You should receive your first temporary total disability (TTD) payment if eligible within 21 days of your injury report.

Any time after these initial steps, within the claim processing timeframe, the insurance company could inform you if they intend to dispute your claim. This means they question the validity of your claim and might deny benefits.

Dealing with Complications and Disputes

Navigating the complexities of workers’ comp in Florida can be challenging, especially when facing claim denials or disputes. It’s crucial to understand the circumstances that may necessitate legal representation and the steps involved in contesting a denied claim.

When to Hire a Workers’ Comp Attorney

You should consider hiring a workers’ comp attorney if you encounter issues such as claim denial, disputes over the benefits owed, or when there’s a threat of retaliation from your employer.

Another sign that legal help is needed is if your injuries are severe enough to require surgery or could lead to long-term disability. An attorney can help in negotiating settlements and representing you during hearings or appeals. For example, if your claim is denied, your attorney can help you file an appeal.

Process of Appealing a Denied Claim

  1. Notice of Denial: If your worker’s comp claim is denied, you will receive a notice stating the reason for the denial.
  2. Petition for Benefits: You can file a Petition for Benefits with the Florida Division of Administrative Hearings within two years of the injury.
  3. Mediation: Prior to a hearing, mediation is often required, where an attempt to resolve the dispute will take place.
  4. Pretrial Hearing: If mediation fails, a pretrial hearing is scheduled where evidence and witness lists are exchanged.
  5. Final Hearing: A judge will evaluate the case during the final hearing and make a decision within 30 days.

Should a claim be denied after the final hearing, you have the right to appeal the decision to the Florida First District Court of Appeal, observing strict timelines and legal requirements for filing the appeal. However, your attorney will be with you throughout the process to ensure your rights are upheld if you’ve been injured on the job.

Struggling to File Your Florida Workers’ Comp Claim? We Can Help

Injured on the job and overwhelmed by medical bills, rehab, and time off work? Don’t let the stress of dealing with the potential of a denied workers’ comp claim add to your burden.

At Lyle B. Masnikoff & Associates, our Fort Lauderdale workers’ compensation attorneys have collectively handled thousands of workers’ comp cases. Our experienced team will accurately file your claim and ensure it’s submitted on time. If your claim is denied, we’ll fight tirelessly to appeal and protect your rights, making sure you receive the compensation you’re entitled to receive.

Don’t face this process alone. Call us at (866) 519-3831 for a FREE, no-obligation consultation, or use our online form to get in touch. We’re dedicated to going the extra mile for you, providing the support, guidance, and advocacy you need to secure your benefits so you can focus on your recovery.

Copyright © 2024. Lyle B. Masnikoff & Associates, P.A. All rights reserved. 

The information in this blog post (“post”) is provided for general informational purposes only and may not reflect the current law in your jurisdiction. No information in this post should be construed as legal advice from the individual author or the law firm, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting based on any information included in or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or other professional advice on the particular facts and circumstances at issue from a lawyer licensed in the recipient’s state, country, or other appropriate licensing jurisdiction.

Lyle B. Masnikoff & Associates, P.A.
1645 Palm Beach Lakes Blvd #550
West Palm Beach, FL 33401
(561) 598-7120

Lyle B. Masnikoff & Associates, P.A.
7380 Sandlake Road, Suite 500
Orlando, FL 32819
(407) 896-0116

Lyle B. Masnikoff & Associates, P.A.
110 E Broward Blvd #1700
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301
(954) 581-9115

Lyle B. Masnikoff & Associates, P.A.
543 NW Lake Whitney Place, Suite 106
Port St. Lucie, FL 34986
(772) 461-9181


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